30/05/2020
Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions

Marie Sklodowska-Curie (MSCA-IF), IVAGRO Vitivinicultural and Agri-Food Research Institute, University of Cadiz / Spain

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  • OFFER DEADLINE
    30/06/2020 14:00 - Europe/Brussels
  • EU RESEARCH FRAMEWORK PROGRAMME
    H2020 / Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions
  • LOCATION
    Spain, Cádiz
  • ORGANISATION/COMPANY
    University of Cadiz
  • DEPARTMENT
    IVAGRO Vitivinicultural and Agri-Food Research Institute

The IVAGRO Vitivinicultural and Agri-Food Research Institute, from the University of Cádiz is looking for a postdoc to apply for EU Marie Sklodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships (MSCA-IF) program for the following project:

The phenomenon of forest fires is becoming a significant problem in our society. The detection of ignitable liquid residues (ILRs) commonly used to initiate the fire is a key step in arson investigation. The detection of an accelerant at the fire scene can be the difference between classifying a fire as accidental or as arson. However, the identification of ILs in fire debris is a challenge for fire investigators for many reasons (destructive nature of a fire, firefighting efforts or natural degradation phenomena among others).

 

Since the high volatility of ignitable liquids, the most suitable analytical techniques for their detection are those based on headspace analysis (HS). HS techniques seem ideal since they isolate and/or preconcentrate the analytes of interest from the rest of the fire debris for its later analysis.

 

The research group involved in this proposal has successfully optimized and validated a method based on static headspace-mass spectrometry electronic nose (HS-MS eNose) for the analysis of simulate fire debris in the laboratory. We have also a great experience with the reference method based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (ASTM E1412). Based on this experience, the overall objective of this project is to apply the method developed with the electronic nose to real-scale arsons, as well as to optimize another advanced methodology based on the HS analysis, such as ion mobility spectrometry (HSIMS) for the same purpose. To do so, simulated arsons will be carried out on a larger scale under different situations, by using different accelerants and substrates (mainly different types of wood). The effect of applying different fire suppression agents and delays in the sampling time will be studied. To reach this goal, it is necessary and we count with the collaboration of the Fire Departments.

 

Supervisor: Dr. Miguel Palma, miguel.palma@uca.es

 

Research Areas:

  • Chemistry (CHE)

 

If you are interested in applying for MSCA-IF, please submit an Expression of Interest and CV by email to: miguel.palma@uca.es (no later than 30th of June 2020)

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